Getting Started with Orchestra in 5 Minutes¶
What follows is a simple 5-minute guide to getting up and running with Orchestra that assumes some basic Python and Django experience, but not much else. For a deeper introduction, you might want to check out our Key Concepts, and for in-depth information on using and developing with Orchestra, take a look at our API documentation.
Orchestra requires Python 3 and Django version 1.11 or higher to run, so make
have them installed.
We recommend setting up a
to isolate your Python dependencies, and we’re fond of
make that process easier. Make sure to create your virual environment with
Python 3 by passing
--python=/path/to/bin/python3 if it isn’t your default
Orchestra requires a number of Python dependencies to run. You can install them
by simply pulling down and installing our
wget https://raw.githubusercontent.com/b12io/orchestra/stable/requirements.txt pip install -r requirements.txt
Create a Django Project¶
Orchestra is a Django app, which means that it must be run within a Django
project (for more details, read the Django tutorial
on this topic). Start a project with
django-admin startproject your_project, replacing
your favorite project name (but don’t name it
orchestra, which will
conflict with our namespace). From here on out, this document will assume that
you stuck with
your_project, and you should replace it appropriately.
Install and Configure Orchestra¶
Next, let’s get Orchestra installed and running. To get the code, just install
pip install orchestra.
Orchestra has a number of custom settings that require configuration before use. First, download the default Orchestra settings file and place it next to the project settings file:
wget https://raw.githubusercontent.com/b12io/orchestra/stable/example_project/example_project/orchestra_settings.py mv orchestra_settings.py your_project/your_project
Next, edit the
settings.ORCHESTRA_WORKFLOWSin the “General” section if you want to run the demo workflow (instructions below), and add
'journalism_workflow'if you want to run the journalism workflow.
- Adjust your email settings. By default, Orchestra will direct all messages to the console, but for a realistic registration workflow you’ll want to set up a real mail server that can actually send emails.
- Change settings like the
'CHANGEME'to more appropriate values.
- Optionally, add 3rd party credentials in the “3rd Party Integrations” section so that Orchestra can store files on Amazon S3, use Google Apps and Slack to help communicate with expert workers, and track usage in Google Analytics.
Then, at the bottom of your existing settings file
your_project/your_project/settings.py), import the Orchestra
from .orchestra_settings import setup_orchestra setup_orchestra(__name__)
You’ll also need to set up Orchestra’s URLs, so that Django knows where to
route users when they view Orchestra in the browser. If you don’t have any URLs
of your own yet, you can just download our barebones example file with
Alternatively, make sure to add the following code inside the
urlpatterns variable in
# Admin Views url(r'^orchestra/admin/', include(admin.site.urls)), # Registration Views # Eventually these will be auto-registered with the Orchestra URLs, but for # now we need to add them separately. url(r'^orchestra/accounts/', include('registration.backends.default.urls')), # Optionally include these routes to enable user hijack functionality. url(r'^orchestra/switch/', include('hijack.urls')), # Logout then login is not available as a standard django # registration route. url(r'^orchestra/accounts/logout_then_login/$', auth_views.logout_then_login, name='logout_then_login'), # Orchestra URLs url(r'^orchestra/', include('orchestra.urls', namespace='orchestra')), # Beanstalk Dispatch URLs url(r'^beanstalk_dispatch/', include('beanstalk_dispatch.urls')),
And ensure the following imports are at the top of your
from django.conf.urls import include from django.conf.urls import url from django.contrib import admin from django.contrib.auth import views as auth_views
Finally, you’ll need to get the database set up. Create your database
python manage.py migrate. You’ll also want to make sure you have
loaded our example workflows and set up some user accounts to try them out.
To load the workflows, run:
python manage.py loadworkflow <APP_LABEL> <WORKFLOW_VERSION>
If you would like to load all of the workflows, then run:
python manage.py loadallworkflows
The example workflows we currently release with Orchestra are:
- A simple demo workflow with one human and one machine
step. Its app label is
simple_workflow, its workflow slug is
simple_workflow, and the latest version is
- A more complicated journalism workflow. Its app label
journalism_workflow, its workflow slug is
journalism, and the latest version is
Each of our example workflows provides a set of sample users already configured with proper certifications. To load them, run:
python manage.py loadworkflowsampledata <WORKFLOW_SLUG>/<WORKFLOW_VERSION>
To load sample data for both of these workflows, run:
python manage.py loadworkflowsampledata simple_workflow/v1 python manage.py loadworkflowsampledata journalism/v1
In addition, you can use the Orchestra admin
(http://127.0.0.1:8000/orchestra/admin) to create new users and
certifications of your own at any time once Orchestra is running. If
you haven’t created an admin account for your Django project, you can
load a sample one (username:
python manage.py loaddata demo_admin. Note that when you log into
Django with the
admin account, you will see errors related to the
Orchesta timer. This is because the admin
user is not a Worker on the platform, and thus has no time-tracking
We provide the option to use the third-party package django-hijack to act on behalf of users. To
enable this setting, ensure that the following setting is set
HIJACK_ALLOW_GET_REQUESTS = True, in addition to including the urls
Now Orchestra should be ready to go! If you’re confused about any of the above, check out our barebones example project.
Now that Orchestra is configured, all that remains is to fire it up! Run your
Django project with
python manage.py runserver (you’ll want to switch to
something more robust in production, of course), and navigate to
http://127.0.0.1:8000/orchestra/app in your favorite browser.
If you see the Orchestra sign-in page, your setup is working! If you loaded the
simple workflow’s sample data above, logging in as its user (username
demo) should show you a dashboard with no available tasks.
Run the Example Project Demo¶
To give you a feel for what it means to run an Orchestra workflow from end to end, we’ve included a very simple example workflow with two steps, one machine and one human. The machine step takes a URL and extracts a random image from the page. The human step asks an expert to rate how “awesome” the image is on a scale from one to five. If you’re interested in how we defined the workflow, take a look at the code, though we walk through a more interesting example in this documentation.
We’ve written an interactive script to walk through this simple workflow. To run it:
Make sure you added
ORCHESTRA_WORKFLOWSsetting following the previous section.
Make sure you loaded the workflow and its sample data following the previous section. This should have created a user with username
Run the interactive walkthrough:
python manage.py interactive_simple_workflow_demo
The script will walk you through using the Orchestra Client API to create a new project based on the simple workflow, explaining which API calls to use, what their output looks like, and how machine steps interact with human steps and pass data back and forth.
If you don’t want to go to the trouble of running the script yourself, take a look at the transcript of expected output.